The United Nations Day
The United Nations Day is celebrated on the October 24 as its foundation day. The United Nations Day marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States and by a majority of other signatories. The name "United Nations" was coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during Second World War. The United Nations is an International Organization founded in 1945. It is currently made up of 193 Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter. Each of the 193 Member States of the United Nations is a member of the General Assembly. The States are admitted to membership in the UN by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. The Secretary-General of the United Nations is a symbol of the Organization's ideals and a spokesman for the interests of the world's peoples, in particular the poor and vulnerable. The current Secretary-General of the UN, and the ninth occupant of the post, is Mr. António Guterres of Portugal, who took office on 1 January 2017. The UN Charter describes the Secretary-General as "chief administrative officer" of the Organization. There is no other global organization with the legitimacy, convening power and normative impact of the United Nations. Few facts about the United Nations. 1. The UN was founded after the Second World War II to replace the League of Nations which had been so ineffectual in preventing war. 2. When the UN was founded there were 45 members. There are now 193. 3. The most recent country to be admitted to the UN was South Sudan in 2011. 4. UN Peacekeeping forces comprise 116,919 field forces from 123 countries. 5. The UN provides food to 90 million people. 6. The UN provides vaccinations for 58 per cent of the world’s children. 7. The United Nations was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001. 8. There are three countries that are not members of the UN: Kosovo (not recognised by enough UN members), Taiwan (place was taken by China in 1971) and Vatican City ( For religious reasons).